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Sunday, September 4, 2016

Compiling vim

Download vim



carmel@carmel:~$ cd programs/vim/vim74/
carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ ./configure --help

And you get
`configure' configures this package to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: auto/configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

  -h, --help              display this help and exit
      --help=short        display options specific to this package
      --help=recursive    display the short help of all the included packages
  -V, --version           display version information and exit
  -q, --quiet, --silent   do not print `checking ...' messages
      --cache-file=FILE   cache test results in FILE [disabled]
  -C, --config-cache      alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
  -n, --no-create         do not create output files
      --srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
  --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX

By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc.  You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
  --bindir=DIR            user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
  --sbindir=DIR           system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
  --libexecdir=DIR        program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
  --sysconfdir=DIR        read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
  --sharedstatedir=DIR    modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
  --localstatedir=DIR     modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
  --runstatedir=DIR       modifiable per-process data [LOCALSTATEDIR/run]
  --libdir=DIR            object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
  --includedir=DIR        C header files [PREFIX/include]
  --oldincludedir=DIR     C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
  --datarootdir=DIR       read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
  --datadir=DIR           read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
  --infodir=DIR           info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
  --localedir=DIR         locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
  --mandir=DIR            man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
  --docdir=DIR            documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/PACKAGE]
  --htmldir=DIR           html documentation [DOCDIR]
  --dvidir=DIR            dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
  --pdfdir=DIR            pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
  --psdir=DIR             ps documentation [DOCDIR]

X features:
  --x-includes=DIR    X include files are in DIR
  --x-libraries=DIR   X library files are in DIR

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
  --enable-fail-if-missing    Fail if dependencies on additional features
     specified on the command line are missing.
  --disable-darwin        Disable Darwin (Mac OS X) support.
  --disable-smack   Do not check for Smack support.
  --disable-selinux   Do not check for SELinux support.
  --disable-xsmp          Disable XSMP session management
  --disable-xsmp-interact Disable XSMP interaction
  --enable-luainterp=OPTS     Include Lua interpreter.  default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-mzschemeinterp   Include MzScheme interpreter.
  --enable-perlinterp=OPTS     Include Perl interpreter.  default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-pythoninterp=OPTS   Include Python interpreter. default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-python3interp=OPTS   Include Python3 interpreter. default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-tclinterp=OPTS      Include Tcl interpreter. default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-rubyinterp=OPTS     Include Ruby interpreter.  default=no OPTS=no/yes/dynamic
  --enable-cscope         Include cscope interface.
  --enable-workshop       Include Sun Visual Workshop support.
  --disable-netbeans      Disable NetBeans integration support.
  --disable-channel      Disable process communication support.
  --enable-multibyte      Include multibyte editing support.
  --enable-hangulinput    Include Hangul input support.
  --enable-xim            Include XIM input support.
  --enable-fontset        Include X fontset output support.
  --enable-gui=OPTS     X11 GUI default=auto OPTS=auto/no/gtk2/gnome2/gtk3/motif/athena/neXtaw/photon/carbon
  --enable-gtk2-check     If auto-select GUI, check for GTK+ 2 default=yes
  --enable-gnome-check    If GTK GUI, check for GNOME default=no
  --enable-gtk3-check     If auto-select GUI, check for GTK+ 3 default=yes
  --enable-motif-check    If auto-select GUI, check for Motif default=yes
  --enable-athena-check   If auto-select GUI, check for Athena default=yes
  --enable-nextaw-check   If auto-select GUI, check for neXtaw default=yes
  --enable-carbon-check   If auto-select GUI, check for Carbon default=yes
  --disable-gtktest       Do not try to compile and run a test GTK program
  --disable-icon-cache-update        update disabled
  --disable-desktop-database-update  update disabled
  --disable-largefile     omit support for large files
  --disable-acl           Don't check for ACL support.
  --disable-gpm           Don't use gpm (Linux mouse daemon).
  --disable-sysmouse    Don't use sysmouse (mouse in *BSD console).
  --disable-nls           Don't support NLS (gettext()).

Optional Packages:
  --with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
  --without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
  --with-mac-arch=ARCH    current, intel, ppc or both
  --with-developer-dir=PATH    use PATH as location for Xcode developer tools
  --with-local-dir=PATH   search PATH instead of /usr/local for local libraries.
  --without-local-dir     do not search /usr/local for local libraries.
  --with-vim-name=NAME    what to call the Vim executable
  --with-ex-name=NAME     what to call the Ex executable
  --with-view-name=NAME   what to call the View executable
  --with-global-runtime=DIR    global runtime directory in 'runtimepath'
  --with-modified-by=NAME       name of who modified a release version
  --with-features=TYPE    tiny, small, normal, big or huge (default: huge)
  --with-compiledby=NAME  name to show in :version message
  --with-lua-prefix=PFX   Prefix where Lua is installed.
  --with-luajit           Link with LuaJIT instead of Lua.
  --with-plthome=PLTHOME   Use PLTHOME.
  --with-python-config-dir=PATH  Python's config directory
  --with-python3-config-dir=PATH  Python's config directory

  --with-tclsh=PATH       which tclsh to use (default: tclsh8.0)
  --with-ruby-command=RUBY  name of the Ruby command (default: ruby)
  --with-x                use the X Window System
  --with-gnome-includes=DIR Specify location of GNOME headers
  --with-gnome-libs=DIR   Specify location of GNOME libs
  --with-gnome            Specify prefix for GNOME files
  --with-motif-lib=STRING   Library for Motif
  --with-tlib=library     terminal library to be used

Some influential environment variables:
  CC          C compiler command
  CFLAGS      C compiler flags
  LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L if you have libraries in a
              nonstandard directory 
  LIBS        libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l
  CPPFLAGS    (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I if
              you have headers in a nonstandard directory 
  CPP         C preprocessor
  XMKMF       Path to xmkmf, Makefile generator for X Window System

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

Report bugs to the package provider.


I would like to install vim in a custom directory. This means that all the compiled binaries and libs will be installed under a custom directory and not in the usual locations.
Why I do this? This lets me compile the program without using
and this way I don't give root privileges to the make program.
Take a look at the user package manager out of the LFS project

The configuration says
By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc.  You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

So I'll use that. Configure line now should be:
carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ ./configure --prefix=$HOME


I'd like to enable python3 in this vim installation. I use it for Vdebug.
Configure line now should be 

carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ ./configure --prefix=$HOME --enable-python3interp=yes


You need this for vim to enable python. see this stackoverflow


For this you need to install ncurses.
I installed it with --prefix=$HOME so I'll need to let the configure script know where my libraries are
located. To do this I'll run

carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ export LDFLAGS="-L/home/carmel/lib"

and now I can add the ncurses part to the ./configure parameters

carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ ./configure --prefix=$HOME --enable-python3interp=yes --with-tlib=ncurses


  • After running ./configure I get the following error:
    carmel@carmel:~/programs/vim/vim74$ ./configure --prefix=$HOME
    checking --with-tlib argument... empty: automatic terminal library selection
    checking for tgetent in -ltinfo... no
    checking for tgetent in -lncurses... no
    checking for tgetent in -ltermlib... no
    checking for tgetent in -ltermcap... no
    checking for tgetent in -lcurses... no
    no terminal library found
    checking for tgetent()... configure: error: NOT FOUND!
          You need to install a terminal library; for example ncurses.
          Or specify the name of the library with --with-tlib.
    This is because you don't have any terminal library. Vim is dependent on a 3rd party terminal library to display / edit your text files. During the ./configure phase it checks to see if you have one of the following libraries installed - 'tinfo', 'ncurses', 'termlib', 'termcap' or 'curses'. I never tried to work with any library other than ncurses so I usually install that and pass the lib to the --with-tlib=library parameter. See compiling ncurses

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